ES5

ITEMNUMBER

REGION OR CITY, CITY OR SECTOR

special

SHORTINFO

es5.1001

Barcelona

B Cathedral - Valls

es5.1002

Barcelona

Q Principal

es5.1003

Barcelona

Q Liceu

es5.1004

Barcelona

Q H Palau

es5.1007

Barcelona

H - J instruments

es5.1009

Barcelona

F artists' pub

es5.1011

Barcelona

N Conservatorio

es5.1012

Barcelona

special

N Conservatorio

es5.1014

Barcelona

C Clavé

es5.1016

Barcelona

F O Granados

es5.1017

Barcelona

F O Mompou*

es5.1018

Barcelona

F O A Mompou †

es5.1021

Barcelona

P Albeniz, Mompou

es5.1022

Cataluña, Barcelona

P Pedrell, Montsalvatge

es5.1025

Cataluña, Barcelona

Montsalvatge park

es5.1101

Cataluña, Montserrat

L B A - Cererols, Soler, Sor

es5.2101

Cataluña, Gerona

J sardanas

es5.2102

Cataluña, Gerona

F O Montsalvatge*

es5.2103

Cataluña, Gerona

C Montsalvatge

es5.2111

Cataluña, Camprodón

G Albeniz*

es5.2112

Cataluña, Camprodón

C Albeniz

es5.2121

Cataluña, Olot

O Soler*

es5.3101

Cataluña, Lérida

F O Granados*

es5.3102

Cataluña, Lérida

C Granados

es5.3103

Cataluña, Lérida

H C Granados

es5.3104

Cataluña, Lérida

C R. Viñes

es5.4111

Cataluña, El Vendrell

F O C Casals*

es5.4112

Cataluña, El Vendrell

E Casals

es5.4113

Cataluña, El Vendrell

G C Casals

es5.4121

Cataluña, Tortosa

H - Pedrell*

es5.6101

Baleares, Palma de Mallorca

F Falla

es5.6111

Baleares, Valldemossa

G Chopin

es5.1001

B Cathedral - Valls

Plaça de la Seu, Barcelona

Catedral de Santa Eulalia

The most prominent Maestro de capilla (1696-1740) was Francisco Valls. He was born in Barcelona in 1665 and died here in 1747. His Missa Scala Aretina (= ‘on the hexachord‘) from 1702 arose a great controversy among his colleagues because of its daring harmonies. After 1740 he wrote the treatise Mapa armonico, a plea in favour of a Spanish national style as opposed to the Italian or French one.

es5.1001

es5.1002

Q Principal

Rambla de las Flors, 27-29 Barcelona

Teatre Principal

Built in 1779, opera theatre until 1847, then variety shows and from 1930 movies. Recently restored. At the Rambla nr. 4-6 another theatre, the Poliorama.

es5.1003

Q Liceu

Rambla dels Caputxins, 59-61 Barcelona

Gran Teatre del Liceu

The main opera theatre, built on the location of an old convent. It was opened in 1847 and from the beginning the domain of the upper class, that preferred Italian opera. Several times damaged by fire (1861, 1894) and by anarchistic disturbance (1893), but in each case restored. www.liceubarcelona.cat

es5.1003

es5.1004

Q H Palau

Calle Amadeus Vives, 1 Barcelona

Palau de la Música Catalana

Built 1904-8, designed by Lluís Domanèch I Montaner and opulently decorated in art nouveau style. Being initially intended for the choir society Orfeó Català, it became a general concert hall, in spite of the imperfect acoustics. The seven years old Alícia de la Rocha made her debut here. Still headquarters of Orféo Català. To be visited before a concert or on a guided tour. www.palaumusica.cat

es5.1004a
es5.1004b

es5.1007

H - J instruments

Carrer de Lepant, 150 Barcelona

L'Auditori - Museu de la Música

Annex to the new concert hall L‘Auditori (1999) are the music school ESMuC and the Museu de la Música. The fine collection of instruments, formerly exhibited in a city palace, is tastefully displayed; lectures and performances take place regularly. A ‘gallery of Catalan musicians‘ informs about masters of Catalan music from the period 1880-1950. www.auditori.cat www.esmuc.cat www.museumusica.cat

es5.1007a
es5.1007b

es5.1009

F artists' pub

Calle Montsió, 3bis Barcelona

café Els Quatre Gats, '4 Gats'

This café was established in 1897 by Pere Romeu, a former employee of Le chat noir in Paris. It became a favorite meeting point for artists, including Albeniz and Granados (and Picasso).

es5.1009

es5.1011

N Conservatorio

Carrer nou de la Rambla, 88 Barcelona

Conservatori del Liceu

This conservatory was established in 1837 as Liceo Filarmónico Dramático Barcelonés and was linked to the Liceo theatre in 1847, but afterwards administratively separated. Famous alumni include Federico Mompou and the singers Montserrat Caballé and José Carreras. New building. www.conservatoriliceu.es

es5.1011

es5.1012

N Conservatorio

Carrer del Bruc, 110 Barcelona

Conservatori Municipal de Música

This second conservatory was established in 1886 by the Banda Municipal; the present building is from 1928. Since 2001 the word ‘superior‘ on the plaque does not correspond to its present name. www.cmmb.cat

es5.1012a
es5.1012b

es5.1014

C Clavé

Passeig de Sant Joan, near nr. 200 Barcelona

Monument (1888) of José Anselmo Clavé (1824-74). Pioneer in collecting Catalonian folk songs and himself composer of songs, cançó popular. As a nationalist and proto-socialist he founded workers‘ choirs and so he inspired Casals to establish an Associació Obrera de Concerts in 1928.

es5.1014

es5.1016

F O Granados

Carrer de Girona, 20 Barcelona

House of Enrique Granados. He lived in Barcelona from 1889 until the year of his death, 1916, where he died on sea after the successful première of Goyescas in New York; his ship was torpedoed by a German submarine.

es5.1016

es5.1017

F O Mompou*

Carrer d'en Fontrodona, 1 Barcelona

Birthplace of the composer Frederic Mompou i Dencausse, °1893. He is known for his subtle and intimate piano pieces and songs, in some aspects resembling those by Erik Satie.

es5.1017

es5.1018

F O A Mompou †

Passeig de Grácia, 108 Barcelona

In this house Frederic Mompou died in 1987. His widow Carme Bravo established a Mompou Foundation in 2006, the plaque was unveiled in 2014. www.fundaciomompou.cat

es5.1018a
es5.1018b

es5.1021

P Albeniz, Mompou

Carrer de la Mare de Déu de Port, 56 Barcelona

Cementeri de Montjuic

Graves of Isaac Albeniz, †1909, and Frederic Mompou, †1987.

es5.1021

es5.1022

P Pedrell, Montsalvatge

Camí del Cementeri de St. Gervasi, 4-8 Barcelona

Cementeri de Sant Gervasi

Grave of the composer Xavier Montsalvatge, †2002. The grave of Felip(e) Pedrell, †1922, was cleared away in 1990 - the rent was paid no longer - and his remains landed in the Ossura comuna. A disgrace, was not Pedrell a great musicologist, an advocate of ‘Spanishness’ in music and the teacher of Albeniz and Granados? His native town Tortosa failed likewise (> 8621).

es5.1025

Montsalvatge park

Carrer del Síndio Rahola, 1 Barcelona

Parc de Xavier Montsalvatge

A park was laid out in honor of the composer Xavier Montsalvatge. His works were successively influenced by Schönberg, Caribbean music and the French Les Six.

es5.1101

L B A - Cererols, Soler, Sor

Montserrat (Barcelona)

Monastir Santa Maria de Montserrat

The singers and instrumentalists of the escolania , est. in the 12th century, cared for a high standard of music, especially during the 17th and 18th centuries. Antonio Soler was a member from 1736 until 1750 and the guitarist and composer Fernando Sor, °1778 in Barcelona, was a chorister from 1790 until 1796. The composer Joan Cererols, °1618 in nearby Martorell, lived from boyhood in the monastery and, being a monk since 1636, was responsible for the church music; his death in 1676 is yearly commemorated. (Grave?) In 1811 the monastery was destructed by Napoleon‘s troops. After 1850 convent and escolania recovered. There is a rich musical archive of 15000 items, including the famous Llibre Vermell (14th c.).

es5.2101

J sardanas

Calle de la Força, 27 Girona / Gerona

Museu d'Història de Girona

In this museum a room is devoted to the national dance of Catalonia, the Sardana and the typical orchestra to accompany the dance, the cobla with its shrill tiplas i tenores.

es5.2101

es5.2102

F O Montsalvatge*

Carrer Pujada Pont de Pedra, 1 Girona / Gerona

Birthplace of the composer Xavier Montsalvatge i Bassols, °1912. His works were successively influenced by Schönberg, Caribbean music and the French Les Six.

es5.2102a
es5.2102b

es5.2103

C Montsalvatge

Carrer del ria Guëll - Parc de la Devesa Girona / Gerona

Wall painting in honor of the composer Xavier Montsalvatge, born in Gerona.

es5.2103

es5.2111

G Albeniz*

Plaça d'Espanya, 7 Camprodón (Girona)

Birthplace of Isaac Albeniz, °1860; in 1869 the family moved to Madrid. The house is well restored and accessible to the public; interesting Albeniz museum.

es5.2111a
es5.2111b
es5.2111c

es5.2112

C Albeniz

Plaça de Santa Maria, Camprodón (Girona)

Monument of Isaac Albeniz. Since 1985 there is a yearly Albeniz festival.

es5.2112

es5.2121

O Soler*

Passeig Ramón Guillamet, 10 Olot (Girona)

Ayuntament

Antonio Soler was born in Olot in 1729. He was a member of the escolania of Montserrat and entered the convent of the Escorial in 1752, where he died in 1783. He is best known as the composer of 120 keyboard sonatas, including the monumental Fandango, but he himself considered his sacred music and his work as a music theorist more important. His birthplace is not extant. Instead of a monument, a portrait of him is in the town hall.

es5.2121

es5.3101

F O Granados*

La Tallada, Lleida / Lérida

Birthplace of Enric (Enrique) Granados, °1867. Two plaques, one Spanish, one from the government of Paraguay. Granados never visited Paraguay, but there seems to be a link between Lérida and the sanctuary of the Virgin of Caacupé in Paraguay; perhaps that is the clue.

es5.3101a
es5.3101b
es5.3101c

es5.3102

C Granados

Plaça Guifra, Lleida / Lérida

Monument of Granados. It is possible that it will be removed or already has been removed. Historical photo.

es5.3102

es5.3103

H C Granados

Plaça Mossén Cinto Verdaguer Lleida / Lérida

The local modern concert hall bears the name of Granados. A monument of the composer is planned here, to be erected in 2017 - on his 150th birthday.

es5.3104

C R. Viñes

Plaça de Ricardo Viñes, Lleida / Lérida

Monument of the pianist Ricardo Viñez, born in Lérida in 1875. He was the favorite pianist of Debussy and Ravel and also befriended to Albeniz and Granados; the latter shared a room with him during his study in Paris, 1887-9. Falla‘s Noches en los Jardines de España was dedicated to Viñes.

es5.4111

F O C Casals*

Carrer Santa Anna, 2 El Vendrell (Tarragona)

Birthplace of the famous cellist Pau Casals (Pablo Carlos Salvador Casals y Defillo), °1876. Around the corner (Plaça Nova) there is a monument (fountain) of Pau Casals.

es5.4111a
es5.4111b

es5.4112

E Casals

Plaça Vella, 1 El Vendrell (Tarragona)

Cementeri del Vendrell

Grave of Pau Casals, 1973 in Puerto Rico, the native country of his mother, where he temporarily lived since 1956. His remains were brought to Vendrell in 1979.

es5.4113

G C Casals

Avinguda Palfuriana, 59 El Vendrell - San Salvador

Villa Casals - Auditori

Casals lived in this princely villa, together with his mother and his brother‘s family, from 1909 until 1936; it stayed his property until 1939, when he left the country after the assumption of power by Franco - once and for all. The villa, the annexes and the gardens form the present Casals museum.

www.paucasals.org Opposite a concert hall and another monument.

es5.4113a
es5.4113b
es5.4113c

es5.4121

H - Pedrell*

Passeig de Ribera, 11 Tortosa (Tarragona)

The composer, musicologist and teacher Felip Pedrell was born in Tortosa in 1841. The local theatre is named after him. His birthplace, Carrer del Repia 16, was demolished, his plaque at the Avenguda de Felip Pedrell has become totally illegible (photo). Of plans to erect a funeral monument after the clearing away of his grave in Barcelona came nothing (> 8122).

es5.4121a
es5.4121b

es5.6101

F Falla

Calle Rector Vives, 47 Palma de Mallorca - Genova

Manuel de Falla spent some time in this house in 1933 and ‘34, escaping the noise of Granada. Recently the house threatened to be demolished on behalf of city development and soon protests came from many sides. The house still stands (autumn 2016) but photo 2 is ominous

es5.6101a
es5.6101b

es5.6111

G Chopin

Plaça de la Cartuja, Valldemossa (Mallorca)

Real Cartuja de Jesús de Nazaret

At 8 November 1838 Frédéric Chopin, his mistress Georges Sand and her two children arrived in Mallorca. The first weeks their address was Sol y Vent (So ‘n Vent) in Establiments, near Palma (the house is not extant). When Chopin‘s illness aroused suspicion among the local people, they took refuge in the deserted convent of Valldemossa, the present Chopin museum. The pretended authenticity of the exhibits is doubtful, but the site is anyhow interesting. In Mallorca the Preludes op. 24 were finished, but the hope of recuperation proved to be idle; due to the primitive accommodation and the bad weather the composer‘s health even failed. They left Mallorca on 8 February 1839 disillusioned and returned home via Arenys-de-Mar and Marseille.

es5.6111a
es5.6111b
es5.6111c